Originally posted January 2, 2016
Pick your Parshanut Preference:
- Koveid or Hazak are two words which BOTH refer to Pharaoh acting stubbornly. The classic commentators seem to use the two words interchangeably.
- Koveid could mean something else entirely, such as, "heavy".
Background:In Egyptian Mythology, a human's heart was weighed at death.
This was done by weighing one's heart (conscience) against the feather of Maat (truth and justice)... Anubis weighs Hunefer's [humann's] heart against the feather to see if he is worthy of joining the gods in the Fields of Peace. Ammut is also present, as a demon waiting to devour Hunefer's heart should he prove unworthy. (The British Museum)If a person's heart were light as the feather of the goddess Maat, then that person earned "Heaven." Otherwise, his soul would be devoured by another Egyptian goddess, Ammut.
Thus a HEAVY heart might mean an evil person and not a stubborn one.
This p'shat might have some advantages
- It is more literal
- It matches what we know about Egyptian Culture
- It places Israel in Egypt at the Exodus despite the "critics"
- It distinguishes the 2 terms
- It's NOT traditional